Topic outline

  • Topic 2

    INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODS
  • Topic 3

    AIMS AND HYPOTHESES

    Learning objectives:

    You will be able to:

    1.   Formulate and recognise an experimental, alternative hypothesis.

    2.   Formulate and recognise a directional and non-directional hypothesis.

    3.   Understand what it means to 'operationalise' the hypothesis.

  • Topic 4

    RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    Understand the concepts of reliability and validity

  • Topic 5

    VARIABLES

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1. Define and formulate independent and dependent variables.

    2. Understand the impact of extraneous on research and know how to control them.

    3. Define the terms, 'demand characteristics' and 'investigator
    effects' and be able to describe techniques for controlling
    them.

  • Topic 6

    SAMPLING

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1. Understand what is meant by and recognise a target population.

    2. Understand what is mean by the term 'sampling'.

    3. Recognise and describe different types of sampling.

    4. Understand the advantages and disadvantages of different types of sampling.
  • Topic 7

    ETHICAL ISSUES

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1. Understand ethical issues and ways in which psychologists deal with them.

    2.  Be familiar with the code of ethics issued by the British Psychological Society.

  • Topic 8

    METHODS AND TECHNIQUES

    CHOOSING A RESEARCH METHOD

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1.  Outline the key features of a range of research methods used in psychology research.

    2.  Describe different types of experimental, correlational, observational, interviews and case study methods for obtaining research data.

    3.  Understand and explain the advantages and disadvantages of a range of data collection methods.

  • Topic 9

    EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1. Understand repeated measures design, the independent groups design and the matched pairs design.

    2. Understand and explain the advantages and disadvantages of each of the designs.

  • Topic 10

    OBSERVATIONAL METHODS

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1.  Describe the key features of observational methods of data collection.

    2.  Define, describe and choose different types of observational method.

    3.  Explain the advantages and disadvantages of different observational methods.

  • Topic 11

    CORRELATIONAL METHODS

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1.  Explain what is meant by correlation.

    2.  Recognise different types of correlation.

    3.  Outline how correlation is measured and understand how to design a correlation study.

    4.  Explain the advantages and disadvantages of correlation.

  • Topic 12

    SURVEYS AND INTERVIEWS

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1.  Understand the use of surveys and interviews in psychological research.

    2.  Know the difference between open and closed question types.

    3. Be able to construct open and closed questions.

    4.  Be able to explain the advantages and disadvantages of questionnaires and interviews.

  • Topic 13

    CASE STUDIES

    Learning objectives: You will be able to:

    1.  Describe the key features of the case study method.

    2.  Understand and explain the advantages and disadvantages of case studies.

  • Topic 14

    DATA ANALYSIS

    Measures of central tendency

    Learning objectives:

    You should be able to identify when to use the following measures of central tendency and identify the strengths and weaknesses of each one:

    median

    mean

    mode

  • Topic 15

    DATA ANALYSIS

    Learning objectives:

    You should be able to identify when to use and identify the strengths and weakness of:

    ranges

    standard deviation

  • Topic 16

    DATA ANALYSIS

    Learning objectives:

    You should be able to present and interpret quantitative data in the form of graphs, scattergrams and tables.

  • Topic 17

    DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION

    Learning objectives:

    You should be able to understand the processes involved in content analysis and be able to select an appropriate presentation format of qualitative data.

  • Topic 20

    AQA MATERIALS FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE ON SECTION C PSYA 4